Sexual slavery ….. Africa bleeding it’s resources
I had a chat with a a friend form Saudi Arabia and we talked about what was he doing there and when he told me that has job was for a Saudi Princes, During the conversation i realized the moral and financial corruption and un-Islamic the Saudi Princes and their Government and some wealthy Arabe men from all over the Gulf so i decided to write this and would part one of the Series of articles.
Sexual slavery is the slavery of unwilling people who are coerced into that condition for sexual exploitation. The incidence of sexual slavery by country has been studied and tabulated by UNESCO, with the cooperation of various international agencies. Sexual slavery may include single-owner sexual slavery, ritual slavery sometimes associated with certain religious practices, such as trokosi in Ghana/Togo/Benin, slavery for primarily non-sexual purposes but where non-consensual sex is common, or forced prostitution. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action calls for an international response in order to attempt to eradicate sexual slavery on the basis that it is a human rights issue.
In the commentary on the Rome Statute, Mark Klamberg states
Sexual slavery is particular form of enslavement which includes limitations on one’s autonomy, freedom of movement and power to decide matters relating to one’s sexual activity. Thus, the crime also includes forced marriages, domestic servitude or other forced labor that ultimately involves forced sexual activity. In contrast to the crime of rape, which is a completed offence, sexual slavery constitutes a continuing offence. … Forms of sexual slavery can, for example, be practices such as the detention of women in “rape camps” or “comfort stations”, forced temporary “marriages” to soldiers and other practices involving the treatment of women as chattel, and as such, violations of the peremptory norm prohibiting slavery.
The continent of Africa is one of the most problematic regions in terms of contemporary slavery. Slavery in Africa has a long history, within Africa since before historical records, but intensifying with the medieval Arab slave trade and again with the early modern trans-Atlantic slave trade; the demand for slaves created an entire series of kingdoms (such as the Ashanti Empire) which existed in a state of perpetual warfare in order to generate the prisoners of war necessary for the lucrative export of slaves. These patterns have persisted into the colonial period during the late 19th and early 20th century. Although the colonial authorities attempted to suppress slavery from about 1900, this had very limited success, and after decolonization, slavery continues in many parts of Africa even though being technically illegal.
The problem is most severe in the Sahel region (and to a lesser extent the Horn of Africa), along the racial boundary of Arabized Berbers in the north and blacks in the south this concerns the Sahel states of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and Sudan in particular, continuing a centuries-old pattern of hereditary servitude going back to the Muslim conquests. Other forms of traditional slavery exist in parts of Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria and Somalia. There are other, non-traditional forms of slavery in Africa today, mostly involving human trafficking and the enslavement of child soldiers and child labourers, e.g. human trafficking in Angola, and human trafficking of children from Togo, Benin and Nigeria to Gabon and Cameroon.
Modern day slavery in Africa according to the Anti-Slavery Society includes exploitation of subjugate populations even when their condition is not technically called “slavery”:
Human slavery, in various formats, is widespread in Saudi society even some of the Gulf countries today. Saudi Arabia was among the last nations who, under pressure from United Nations, outlawed slavery in 1962. However, only 10,000 slaves were freed in 1962 and remaining large number was kept captive. In 1965 the Saudis were reported to have kept hundreds of slaves for each member of the Roya
Human slavery, in various formats, is widespread in Saudi society even today. Saudi Arabia was among the last nations who, under pressure from United Nations, outlawed slavery in 1962. However, only 10,000 slaves were freed in 1962 and remaining large number was kept captive. In 1965 the Saudis were reported to have kept hundreds of slaves for each member of the Royal family.
Sex Slaves from Arfica such as Sudan and Ethiopia and other African coutries and Asia like the Philippines for Saudi Royals – Kanlungan Center Foundation, Inc. and the ‘Coalition Against Trafficking in Women –
Many in Saudi Arabia, including their religious Wahhabi clerics advocate human slavery. Shaikh Saleh Al-Fawzan, currently member of the Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatawa, Saudi Arabia’s highest religious establishment, is reported to have advocated for human slavery by saying “Slavery is a part of Islam”, and that those Muslims who oppose slavery “are ignorant, not scholars”.
MIDDLE EAST TIMES SPEAKS OUT ON SAUDI PRINCES SEX SLAVES
The Middle East Times reports: “There’s no capability for reform, no strong character to stop the princes from corruption. You’d need someone to line tens of them up against the wall and shoot them, they’re so used to spending this amount of money. You couldn’t tell them — you don’t need 20 whores for the night, just one or two. Or you’ve got 20 dwarves in the palace, do you need to get two or three whores for every one? Someone like Prince Bishai Bin Abdel Aziz — that’s one real debauched individual. Try to stop him and he’ll come and kill you.” L105 The Saudi princes dehumanize child sex slaves obtained through their sex rings by demeaning them and calling them whores so as not to come into conflict with Saudi religious tenets.
Qatar specifically, has no laws against human trafficking, which has made cracking down on the practice nearly impossible.
“Qatar is a transit and destination country for men and women subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and, to a much lesser extent, forced prostitution,” the US State Department stated in a recent report.
“Men and women from Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Sudan, Thailand, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and China voluntarily travel to Qatar as laborers and domestic servants, but some subsequently face conditions indicative of involuntary servitude. These conditions include threats of serious physical or financial harm; job switching; the withholding of pay; charging workers for benefits for which the employer is responsible; restrictions on freedom of movement, including the confiscation of passports and travel documents and the withholding of exit permits; arbitrary detention; threats of legal action and deportation; false charges; and physical, mental, and sexual abuse.”
Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
Young boys were trafficked into Qatar to serve as jockeys in camel races early in the year. However, on July 28, Law No. 22, banning the transport, employment, training, and involvement of children under the age of 18 in camel races, came into force. According to Article 4, anyone who violates the law faces 3 to 10 years imprisonment and a fine ranging between $13,000 (47,320 riyals) and $55,000 (200,200 riyals).
Between the months of June and August, the government repatriated approximately 200 children jockeys to Sudan. According to officials at the Embassy of Sudan, no Sudanese camel jockeys remained in the country. The Qatar Charitable Society, in coordination with the Sudanese-based National Council for Childhood Care and the Qatari Embassy in Khartoum, will administer the government’s program to rehabilitate and integrate the repatriated camel jockeys.
Men and women were trafficked into situations of coerced labor. Legislation guiding the sponsorship of expatriate labors has created conditions constituting forced labor or slavery.
The country also was a destination for women and girls who traveled to the country to work as domestic servants. Two embassies reported that a total of 600 of their nationals had been forced into domestic servitude and sexual exploitation.
A report published by Identity, a gay magazine in Kenya, reveals that gay Kenyan men are being trafficked into the Gulf as sex slaves for the wealthy.
The report alleges that gay and bisexual men are lured from university campuses – particularly from Kenyatta University – with promises of high-paying jobs and then transported to labor as sex workers for men in the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Saudi Arabia.
According to the magazine, due to Kenya’s soaring unemployment rate, the men are easily fooled into this trap.
The publication interviewed one Kenyan victim who was promised a job in Qatar but ended up suffering sexual abuse.
Arab tourists are ‘buying underage Egyptian sex slaves’ to serve them for just a few months’
- Poor families paid a ‘dowry for the temporary marriages
- Young victims suffer sexual slavery and forced to be servants
Wealthy tourists from the Persian Gulf are paying to marry under-age Egyptian girls just for the summer, according to a report.
These temporary marriages are not legally binding and end when the men return to their homes in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, the tourists pay a ‘dowry’ to poor families through intermediaries with prices ranging from £320 to £3,200.
Six busted for trafficking girls to work as sex slaves in the Gulf
Six members of a syndicate have been arrested for allegedly trafficking young Ghanaian women and men to work as house-helps and shop attendants in Gulf countries although the victims were promised attractive salaries of between $3,500 and $9,000 a month and free visas and tickets to those countries, some of them ended up being paid a paltry $100 a month.
They were also made to work to pay for their tickets and visa fees.
Writing for The Wall Street Journal on December 12, 2001, Michael Rubin said:
What’s Sudanese slavery like? One 11-year-old Christian boy told me about his first days in captivity: “I was told to be a Muslim several times, and I refused, which is why they cut off my finger.” Twelve-year-old Alokor Ngor Deng was taken as a slave in 1993. She has not seen her mother since the slave raiders sold the two to different masters. Thirteen-year-old Akon was seized by Sudanese military while in her village five years ago. She was gang-raped by six government soldiers, and witnessed seven executions before being sold to a Sudanese Arab.
Many freed slaves bore signs of beatings, burnings and other tortures. More than three-quarters of formerly enslaved women and girls reported rapes.
While nongovernmental organizations argue over how to end slavery, few deny the existence of the practice. …[E]stimates of the number of blacks now enslaved in Sudan vary from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands (not counting those sold as forced labour in Libya).
The issue was the subject of a Channel 4 dramatised documentary, I Am Slave in August 2010, in which none of these religious conflicts were highlighted
Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006
[accessed 25 December 2010]
TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – There were no informed estimates on the extent of trafficking, either for jockeys or for sexual exploitation. There were credible reports that tribal leaders with government connections transported children to the Persian Gulf to be used as jockeys in camel races or as laborers. Despite the absence of a signed agreement with the government, UNICEF cooperated with the government to repatriate child camel jockeys and indicated that 16 children had been repatriated since May. More than 300 children were repatriated from the United Arab Emirates and Qatar through the combined efforts of governments and NGOs.
There were credible reports that intertribal abductions of women and children continued in the South. Victims frequently became part of the new tribal family, with most women marrying into the new tribe; however, some victims were used for labor or sexual purposes. As intertribal fighting in the South decreased, the number of abductions also appeared to decline. The government acknowledged that abductions occurred and that abductees were sometimes forced into domestic servitude and sexual exploitation. The CEAWC and its 22 joint tribal committees investigated abduction cases and sought to facilitate the safe return of victims. CEAWC did not pursue legal action against abductors. CEAWC reported that since 1999, 1,354 abductees were reunited with their families. Credible sources noted that some of the CEAWC-facilitated reunions were forced repatriations of persons over age 18 against the wishes of the abductees.
During the past 20 years, the LRA kidnapped more than 20 thousand Ugandan children, took them back to the southern part of the country, and forced them to become sex slaves, pack animals, or soldiers. Many of the victims were killed. The LRA also abducted citizens while raiding towns in the South. According to SPLM/A officials, on November 21, suspected LRA rebels abducted 11 people in Western Equatoria and were suspected of killing 5 civilians and abducting 25 persons near Maridi. The government permitted the Ugandan army access to the South to pursue the LRA. Although Ugandan military operations significantly reduced LRA numbers, the LRA continued to operate in the South and to hold child abductees; such LRA attacks restricted humanitarian activities.
UNICEF also said that buying slaves from slave-traders gives them cash to purchase arms and ammunition. But Christian Solidarity said they purchase slaves in Sudanese pounds, not dollars, which could be used to purchase arms.
The Report of a Canadian Assessment Mission, which was published in February, 2007, was drafted by the Canadian Special Envoy to Sudan, John Harker:
Reports, especially from CSI [Christian Solidarity International], about very large numbers were questioned, and frankly not accepted. Mention was also made to us of evidence that the SPLA were involved in “recycling” abductees.. The Harker Report further documented the deliberately fraudulent nature of many “slave redemptions.” Sometimes a “redeeming group” may be innocently misled but other groups may be actively committed to fundraising for the SPLM/A and deliberately use “slave redemption” as a successful tactic for attracting Western donors.
880 Sudanese Slaves Liberated
Thousands Remain Enslaved in Darfur, Kordofan
MALWAL KON, Sudan — 880 liberated slaves returned to their homeland of northern Bahr El Ghazal, Southern Sudan between Jan. 23 and Feb. 2, 2005.
Of the freed slaves, 607 were assembled in Northern Sudanese towns and villages and transported by truck to Southern Sudan by the Government of Sudan’s Committee for the Eradication of the Abduction of Women and Children (CEAWC). They were delivered to registration centers at Gok Machar and Warawar. The outstanding 273 slaves were liberated from Baggara Arab cattle camps by CSI-supported Arab-Dinka Peace Committees, and were documented by CSI staff at Gok Machar and Waragany.
n its report to the UN Secretary-General, dated Jan. 25, 2005, the International Commission on Darfur accused Sudanese government troops of committing “crimes against humanity” and other “war crimes” against Black civilians in Darfur. Among the documented crimes are abduction, enslavement, rape and murder.
CSI welcomes the Commission’s findings and endorses the recommendation to bring to justice – before an international tribunal — those Sudanese government officials, soldiers and militiamen who are responsible for slavery and other related crimes against humanity.
Sudanese children abducted for fighting and sex: U.N.
Children in Sudan, especially in the Darfur region, continue to be abducted for use in battle, forced labor or sexual exploitation, a U.N. human rights body said on Friday.
The U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child called on the Khartoum government to intensify its efforts to prevent children being abducted and to help reunify victims with their families.
The body, composed of 18 independent experts, issued its conclusions after holding a three-week session at which it examined the records of 11 countries, including Sudan.
It voiced concern that “abductions of children continue to occur for forced recruitment, forced labor, and in some instances, sexual exploitation, especially in Darfur and South Sudan”.
The committee did not spell out whether the forced recruitment was by official Sudanese armed forces, by its allied janjaweed militias, rebel groups or all sides.
But street children and youths uprooted by the conflict which has racked Darfur since 2003 are particularly vulnerable to all forms of exploitation, the U.N. body said.
A revolt by mostly non-Arab rebels and a subsequent government counter-insurgency have driven 2.5 million people from their homes. International experts estimate 200,000 people have been killed in Darfur, while Sudan puts the toll at about 9,000.
The committee also had information that children may resort to prostitution or be forced into early marriages as “a means for survival in exchange of food, money or basic goods”.
Sudan’s delegation to the talks said it was illegal to use children in forced labor, sexual exploitation or pornography, and selling children was an offence not known in its society.
A unit for protection of the family and child had been set up 15 months ago, senior Sudanese officials said.
Posted on January 30, 2013, in Rainbow and tagged http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_Sudan, http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Sudan.htm, http://saudhouse.tripod.com/article46.html, http://www.du.edu/korbel/hrhw/researchdigest/trafficking/MiddleEast.pdf, ^ "CSW-USA Slave Redemption Policy". Sudan mormon Persecution Profile. mormon Solidarity Worldwide. March 2002. Archived from the original on 2006-09-03. Retrieved 2006-10-07.. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.